曾经网上传得很火的Facebook高效工作指南,虽然其实跟Facebook毛关系都木有。事实上这是SlideShare上推荐的产品设计师、市场顾问 Etienne Garbugli 的一个关于时间管理的幻灯片。挺不错的。但结果网上盛传的中文翻译仔细一看简直扯淡,只好自己翻了。

 

我希望自己20岁时能知道的,26 条关于时间管理的简单原则

《26 Time Management Hacks I Wish I’d Known at 20》

26-Time-Management-Hacks-I-Wish-Id-Known-at-20 

1、时间挤挤总会有的,管理时间就是管理优先级。

There’s always time. Time is priorities.

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2每天只规划4-5个小时专心工作。

不用担心剩下的时间,你啥时候填不满过?

Only plan for 4-5 hours of real work per day.

—— David Heinemeier Hansson,37 Signals

Days always fill up.

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3在状态的时候多干一些,不在状态时可以就去做个大保健。

总有那么几天,你工作不了;总有那么几天,你可以连续干上 12 小时。这都很正常。

It’s normal to have days where you just can’t work and days where you’ll work12 hours straight.

——Alain Paquin, Whatsnexx

Work more when you’re in the zone. Relax when you’re not.

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4你的时间每小时价值 1000 美元,所以你得表现得值这个价。

尊重你的时间,并让它真正被人尊重。

“Your time is $1000/hour,and you need to act accordingly.

——Jason Colen,@asmartbear

Respect you time and make it respected.

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5、停止多项任务齐头并进,这只会使你一事无成。保持专注,一心一用。

Stop multi-tasking. It merely kills your focus.

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6、制定工作惯例,并遵守它。——你的身体总会适应并形成习惯。

Set up a work routine and stick to it.

Your body will adapt.

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7、时间有限的时候,我们才会更专注,让自己达到高效能。

We’re always more focused and productive with limited time.

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8、投入工作的最好方法,就是投入工作——从小任务开始,把雪球越滚越大。

Work is the best way to get working.

Start with short tasks to get the ball rolling.

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9、别让自己停下,不断迭代工作,期待完美只会让你窒息:

做完事情,要胜于完美”—— Facebook 办公室墙壁上贴的箴言。

Doing is better than perfect.

——Facebook company motto

Work iteratively. Expectations to do things perfectly are stifling.

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【补充野史】网传扎克伯格就是靠着迅速行动赢得市场先机的。

2007年7月,美国社交网站ConnectU的三位创始人起诉扎克伯格当初盗取了他们创建ConnectU的创意。

ConnectU三位创始人称,在他们与扎克伯格同为哈佛大学同学时,扎克伯格曾同意为他们的网站编写代码,但他却一再推迟,并最终利用他们的创意组建了Facebook网站。并且最终在2008年,扎克伯格与ConnectU三位创始人达成和解,扎克伯格赔偿三位创始人6500万美元加上Facebook部分股票。

10、加班,并不等于效率高。要视限制为机遇。

More work hours doesn’t mean more productivity.

Use constraints as opportunities.

【补充说明】不要用战术的勤奋来掩饰战略上的懒惰。

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思考时思考,执行时执行,这样才能更快执行,更好思考。(Sol Tanguay, Imarklab)

将不需要思考的工作,和需要深思熟虑的工作,区别开来,分开完成,这样才更有效能。

Separate thinking and execution to execute faster and think better.

——Sol Tanguay,Imarklab

Separate brainless and strategic tasks to become more productive.

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12、有会议就尽早安排,不然会议之前的时间往往都会被浪费掉。

Organize meeting early during the day.

Time leading up to an event is often wasted.

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13团体会议或交流(电子邮件、电话),都可能妨碍需要专注不容打扰的工作。

一个小会,也会毁了一个下午,因为它会把下午割裂成两个时间段,以至于啥也干不成。

A single meeting can blow a whole afternoon, by breaking it into two pieces each too small to do anything hard in.

——Paul Graham, YCombinator

Group meeting and communication(email or phone) to create blocks of uninterrupted work.

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14、尽量确保你每天的工作都在稳定的环境下进行。不停在项目/客户之间切换的话,只让你效率极低。

Keep the same context throughout the day.

Switching between projects/clients is unproductive.

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15、工作—放松—工作=高效(番茄工作法)

 工作与拖延不冲突,只要在专注工作的间隙拖延就可以了。

Work around procrastination. Procrastinate between intense sprints of work(Pommodoro)

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16、打碎不合理的大任务,变成一些合理的小任务。

 伟大目标的达成,依赖于你每天做的每一件小事,它们会帮助你一步步接近目标。Break the unreasonable down into little reasonable chunks.

A big goal is only achieved when every little thing that you do everyday, gets you closer to that goal.

——Maren Kate, Escaping the 9 to 5

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17从来不会有2个任务会拥有相同的优先级。

总有一个更重要,仔细考虑待办事情列表。

No 2 tasks ever hold the same importance.

Always prioritize.

Be really careful with to-do lists…

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18要做就做影响力最大(也就是最关键)的那件事。(Jason Cohen, @asmartbear)

确保你知道哪件事才是今天真正需要完成的。

“Only ever work on the thing that will have the biggest impact”

——Jason Cohen, @asmartbear

Always know the one thing you really need to get done during the day.

【补充说明】擒贼先擒王。

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19、把任务按小时分段计划。

 太冗长繁重的任务总是让人马上被吓到,而停步不前,甚至无法想象完成时的场景。Break tasks into hour increments.

Long tasks are hard to get into; feels like it all needs to get done.

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20、学会授权,并擅用他人的力量。

如果某件工作别人也能做到80%,那就交给别人做吧!

“If something can be done80% as well by someone else,delegate!”

——John C. Maxwell, Author

Delegate and learn to make use of other people.

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21昨天的全垒打,拿不下今天的球赛。(Babe Ruth,美职棒名人堂选手)

翻过昨天的那一页,只想今天和明天就好了。

“Yesterday’s home runs don’t win today’s games.”

——Babe Ruth, Hall of Fame Baseball player

Turn the page on yesterday.

Only ever think about today and tomorrow.

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22、给所有事情都设定一个期限。不要让任务无期限地进行下去。

Set deadlines for everything.

Don’t let tasks go on indefinitely.

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23、给那些令人紧张、产生压力的项目设置终结日期,每件事终究要个了断。

Set end dates for intense or stressful activities.

Everything ends at some point.

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24、多记,多做笔记.

每件事都应该写进你的笔记app。不要高估你的大脑和记忆力。好记性不如烂笔头。

“Get a reminder app for everything. Do not trust your own brain for your memory.”

——Julien Smith, Author

Always take notes.

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25、写下每一件让你分心的事情——想用 Google 搜索的东西,突然迸发的灵思妙想,随便什么。关键在于,你写下了它,它就不会总在你脑袋里窜来窜去了。

“Write down anything that distracts you- google searches, random thoughts, new ideas, whatever. The point is, if you write them down, they’ll stop bubbling up when you’re in the zone”

——Steven Corona, Twitpic

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26、有时休息一下也是极好的。

休息~休息一下~

Take breaks.

Sometimes.

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图片来源网络,Kakoo翻译